wood shake vs wood shingle

Hand split and resawn, the other method of manufacturing shakes, involves sawing only the backside and leaving the outward-facing wood split along the grain. Image source: Dow’s Eastern White Cedar Shingles & Shakes. Shakes. Different tree species translate to different colors, textures, qualities, and costs. A bundle of Number 1 Grade, Blue Label shingles, for instance, will consist entirely of crème de la crème edge grain heartwood. Due to being hand-cut the appearance is rustic. Whether you pick shingles or shakes, a wooden roof elicits an unparalleled charm that can take the curb appeal of your home to new heights. There are two types of wood roofing materials – wood shake and wood shingles. Being sawn, shingles exhibit some cross grain due to cutting, whereas shakes, being split, follow the grain more closely. For wood, the species, quality of cut, and treatments will influence pricing regardless of whether you pick shingles or shakes. Today shingles are mostly made by being cut which distinguishes them from shakes which are made by being split out of a bolt. Image source: ReadySanDiego. At the end of the day, you will end up with a stylish, energy-efficient, and sustainable roofing system whether you go wooden shingle or wooden shake. If shakes still lie on the table after assessing how much you want to spend, consult your home’s architectural design and the surrounding environment to make sure you pick the correct style. For the same reason, shingles are more uniform than shakes. They are flat on both sides, which means they sit flush on the roofing surface and neatly accommodate overlapping shingles for an effective seal. Los Angeles, on the other hand, bans wood roofing altogether without approval as even Class A rated wood poses a fire risk. For those earnestly committed to tradition, page six of this paper from the National Park Service takes an exhaustive dive into how to pick a shingle or shake that stays true to architectural heritage. Asphalt shingles and wood shakes have their own advantages and disadvantages. Our buyer's guide will help determine what type of slate roof is right for you. Although most shakes are still made by hand, some are made by advanced equipment to speed up production. This leaves gaps between and under shakes where wind-driven precipitation and debris can infiltrate. Pros of wood shingles and shakes: Wood is the material that provides natural beauty. There are important exceptions to this, (for example, tapersawn shakes are shakes with both sides sawn) depending on the specific manufacturing method and the dimensions of … There is also the warranty aspect to consider on both, product and service.Cedar shingl… Cedar wooden shingles cost between $5.83 and $9.76 per square foot to install. Shop wood siding shingles and a variety of building supplies products online at Lowes.com. Vinyl shakes usually come in panels vs. individual shingles for wood so vinyl is also easier to install. Shingles cover the entire roof surface with a uniform, smooth appearance. Are you considering a slate roof for your home? By Red House Architects. A steep-sloped multi-story home with penetrations like chimneys and skylights will warrant a more expensive bill than a basic one-story home. Wood shingles are much more uniform in appearance, they have a smooth, flat appearance. This is by far the most popular choice for wood shakes… To a discerning eye, the visual contrast between shake and shingle is obvious right away. So in terms of appearance differences, wood shakes are thicker than shingles. The performance, as in the insulation, protection, and longevity of a wood roof, boils down to a variety of factors such as the species of tree, the quality of the wood, and regional climate. Whether you seek to ensure your upcoming wood roof renovation matches the distinct personality of your home, want to brush up on your carpentry knowledge, or you simply must know whether shingles or shakes are better, this article has you covered. Moisture tends to accumulate in the cool shady areas of a roof. View fullsize. Moss growth on a wooden shake roof in a shaded area. The type of woodcut plays a vital role in how well the shakes and shingles resist splitting and distortion. In terms of price, shakes are generally more expensive than shingles. Historically shingles were split from straight grained, knot free bolts of wood. Click here to watch our sample request video so you know what to expect when your samples arrive. Wood shakes are typically sawn on one side and hand split on the other side, making them thicker than wood shingles. For the purposes of this article, we’ll refer to all wood roofs as shakes. Not only will these unsightly growths tarnish the appearance of your roof, but they rot the wood. Arguably no roofing material brings out more emotions than wood. If you’re not fond of how the salmon-brownish hues of Western Red Cedar or Redwood contrast with your home, perhaps the pale yellow of Eastern White Cedar, which weathers to a gray with age, will better suit your tastes. Image source: Cedar Shake & Shingle Bureau. Sign up to start building customer reviews today! Shake or shingle roofs also make use of wood, a renewable material, while alternative roofing materials, such as asphalt singles or steel, require large inputs of non-renewable energy for their production. To reduce the natural flammability of wood products, cedar product manufacturers provide shakes and shingles impregnated with fire-retardant polymers. However, as with any big-ticket renovation, we think you should consider the limitations of wood as a layer of protection for your homes and weigh your options. Architects and home designers typically say wooden shingles and wooden shakes both complement traditionally styled homes like Cap Cod, Tudor, and cottages while the rustic aura shakes work particularly well for homes immersed in nature. A surface shake occurs on only one surface, while a through shake extends from one side to the opposite or adjoining side of the piece. For an average 1,700 square foot roof, a full cedar shingle roof will run you anywhere from $9,911 to $16,592. While wooden shingles also deliver a welcome sensation of individuality, their flat profile sends a less aggressively different message than shakes that arguably suits a broader range of tastes. Do not use electro galvanized (EG) fasteners. Many roofers also offer to apply surface treatments, which can help repel water, resist deterioration from ultraviolet light, and control organic growth. They also tend to be fairly thin, though they are wedge-shaped. Wood shakes, made of cedar, are thought to be one of the highest quality roofing materials available today. At $6.07 to $10.31 per square foot to install, cedar wooden shakes cost more than shingles. Cedar shakes on a cabin-style home. Removing trees will also keep water-soaking debris from building up on your roof and preventing it from drying. The 3/4” inch refers to the butt end of the shake being 3/4” inches thick. Even if your locality permits wood roofing and you are eager and willing to perform necessary care for your shakes or shingles, your insurance company might raise your premiums, limit coverage, or exclude coverage of wooden roofs because of fire risk and maintenance needs. Thank you for your sample request, your samples will arrive to you via FedEx shipping. Mold growing on wooden shakes. Cedar shingle installation. Installation method for cedar shingles and shakes, is the same. Image source: Best West Roofing. Being sawn, shingles exhibit some cross grain due to cutting, whereas shakes, being split, follow the grain more closely. Image source: Architectural Designs. Wood shakes on the other hand are hand-cut directly from wood blocks. Wood shakes are thicker than wood shingles. In turn, you should cut trees and overhanging branches to allow the sun to evenly dry your roof, which prevents warping. In most cases, a roof constructed with wood shakes will last for 15 to 20 years, but this is dependent on the grade of the material’s purchased. Cape Cod-style home with cedar shingle roofing. Interested in IKO shingles for your roof? Both are wedge shaped and are affixed individually to an underdeck. Now that we know wooden shingles are smoother, easier to install, and more affordable than their rougher and tougher shake counterparts, let’s figure out which option better suits your roof. Handsplit and resawn shakes have the split face exposed with a naturally rustic appearance, and are sawn on the back. TAPERSAWN SHAKES: In the instance of tapersawn shakes, the wood is sawn on both sides, giving it the appearance of a thick shingle vs. a true shake. A person with carpentry skills could do the job, though a professional installer would handle all the facets of the project far more efficiently, while also being properly-equipped and insured. You can have damaged shakes and shingles replaced as needed. They have a flat profile that creates a more uniform pattern across a roof, not unlike asphalt shingles. A home with Western Red Cedar shake roofing. Image source: Pacific Northwest Pest Management Handbooks. Both wood shakes and wood shingles are manufactured from western red cedar, cypress, pine, and redwood trees. Of course, high-quality wood and correct spacing during installation from a professional roofing contractor will help prevent the need to replace individual shingles and shakes. The process results in a shingle that is tapered on all sides. Manufacturers call this type of wooden shake "taper sawn". Image source: Sandura Tropical Shingles. Shingle Species. Design conventions aside, remember that most residential roofs in the United States consist of one-dimensional asphalt shingles. Wood shingles are sawn on both sides and are thinner at the butt end when compared to a shake. Beyond common options like cedar, some manufacturers specialize in rugged, long-lasting, and significantly more expensive hardwoods like Wallaba. Wood shingles are also typically machine-made, whereas wood sha… Wood Shingles vs. Wood Shakes Many people use the terms “shingles” and “shakes” interchangeably, but the reality is that wood shakes and shingles are not the same. The difference is the way in which each one is manufactured. Another method entails splitting shakes then sawing one broad side. There are two main types: (1) handsplit and resawn and (2) tapersawn. Wood shingles costs between $400 and $700 per square installed, while a shake roof runs between $600 and $900—that’s three or six times the cost of an asphalt roof! Consult with your insurance agent, broker, or company to understand how and whether your coverage and rates may change after installing a wooden roof. Right off the bat, wooden shingles and wooden shakes look different and therefore suit different homes better. Fire-retardant treated wood alone can deliver up to a Class B fire rating. Tapersawn shakes are really a hybrid of wood shingles and wood shakes. Image source: Hadar Guibara. Today, shingles are now machine-made and shakes made by hand with power equipment. The shakes are thicker than shingles and due to this shakes are more expensive than shingles. To indicate the grain and overall quality of cedar products, the Cedar Shake & Shingle Bureau provides stringent grades for bundles of shakes and shingles. Wood shingles are sawn on both sides, making them appear uniform and smooth. Tapersawn wood shakes are sawn on both sides for a semi-textured look with a stronger shadowline than a wood shingle. In comparing shingles and shakes, we can only focus on what separates them in every case by definition – thickness. Wooden shakes pose a tougher challenge for installers because they require felt interlayment between rows. Wooden shingles are thinner and therefore less insulative and durable than wooden shakes. No two shakes look exactly alike, which gives a roof a charmingly unprocessed appearance. As there are stronger and longer-lasting roofing materials out there, we will go out on a limb and say the difference in durability between wooden shingles and shakes carries little importance in the grand scheme. Map of San Diego County showing very high fire hazard severity zones in red, where Class A rated roofing is required. Moisture cycles also cause wood to repeatedly shrink and expand, which stresses shingles and shakes to the point of warping and splitting, further reducing the span of their useful life. With adequate installation and proper maintenance a quality wood shakes roof have longer lifespan compare to budget friendly asphalt shingles which still tends to be much more popular roofing material. In terms of appearance, wood shake provides a thick textured appearance and gives a roof beautiful depth and dimension. To combat this, installers need to space layers of felt between each row of shakes to block water and debris – making installation more complicated. Grain refers to the part of the log from which the manufacturer cut the shake or shingle. Decide which is the best roofing material for your home with our comprehensive guide. Class A, the highest rating available, requires a fire-retardant underlayment in combination with Class B rated product. 50 plus years ago wood shingles were sawn from a block of wood, while wood shakes were split off using a sharp blade or mallet. Each shake is rugged and looks unique from the next piece. Another benefit of vinyl shakes is that they’re so much more affordable than wood shake and shingle siding. Notice the pronounced shadow lines of these taper sawn wooden shakes. The most expensive option for shingling a roof is wood shakes — between $7.50 to $12.50 per square … 3. Fasteners utilized must be specific for use with wood shakes and shingles … Wooden shingles are easier to install than wooden shake shingles. Learn how CeDUR engineers the best synthetic composite cedar shakes and emulates the appearance of 3/4” heavy hand split cedar shakes perfectly! Rated wood poses a fire risk the varying grain patterns, ridges, and more... 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