Bhaswati Mukherjee (retd. Nepal Human Rights Year Book 2020 – Inseconline Nepal Human Rights Year Book 2020 The intent of Comprehensive Peace Accord signed between Nepal Government and the then rebellion Maoists on 21 November 2006 was to manage 10 years of armed struggle by Maoists to an end. Despite progress in law and policy, tens of thousands of children with disabilities remain out of school, or are segregated at school in different classrooms from other students. During the reporting period, the UN Human Rights Committee heard two cases against Nepali military officials who allegedly forced one boy and one girl into labor in 2010 and 2002, respectively. Human rights defenders feared that these powers will be used to harass activists, and to deny access to external funding for human rights work. Nepal served twice in the United Nations Security Council as an elected non-permanent member, in 1969-70 and in 1988-1989. Nepal Human Rights (NHR) is one stop window to human rights in Nepal. According to Human Rights Watch’s global report published on Thursday, the authorities also failed to effectively investigate the cases of alleged extrajudicial killings by the security forces and deaths in the custody, allegedly due to torture. As per the report, the total number of cases of rights violation has increased to 6,642 in 2019 from 5,110 in 2018, up by 23%. Currently, Nepal is serving as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) for the term 2018-2020. The Media Council Bill establishes a new, government-controlled media council, with the power to impose sanctions, including fines and loss of accreditation, on journalists, editors, and publishers if, for example, they are deemed to have harmed the “image or prestige” of an individual. In addition, the number of girls under the age of 18 who were affected stands at 379. The Home Ministry prepared draft legislation that will give the government powers to monitor and control the activity of all domestic and international organizations in Nepal. 17, Dec 2020 मानव अधिकार सम्वाहक, २०७७ मंसिर 2021-01-10 Read More Radio Program Nepal + 2 more. Here you can find the upcoming conference date, conference name and venue. The Oli government proposed amendments in the law relating to transitional justice, but they did not meet international standards that could ensure those most responsible for the worst crimes committed during the conflict come to trial. Nepal had a dismal performance in 2020 when it came to providing justice to victims from decade-long Maoist insurgency, while the regressive bills that tend to curtail the freedom of expression continued to be considered in Parliament, Human Rights Watch said on Thursday. Attacks increased against journalists and against the freedom of expression of ordinary citizens online. Human Rights Situation in Nepal during Covid-19 Pandemic 9 Background to the COVID-19 and Human Rights 9 Caste based discrimination during the pandemic 10 Rights of the senior cit Issuing a statement with the release of the report, the Human Rights Watch said people from the Dalit community and members of marginalised ethnic communities were at greatest risk of abuse. Police used the Electronic Transactions Act, which is supposedly designed to address online fraud, to arrest journalists and bloggers, including those reporting on corruption, and even a comedian who upset a movie director with a negative review. According to the Nepal Human Rights Year Report 2020, around 80% of the human rights violations in 2019 were against women. Current human rights issues include poverty (particularly in rural areas), education disparities, gender inequality, health issues, and child rights violations. The government of Nepal made no progress toward justice during 2020 for abuses committed during the country’s civil conflict, which ended in 2006; while a … List of upcoming international conferences in Nepal 2020 and 2021. The new Information Technology Bill is even more draconian than the Electronic Transactions Act it replaces, creating new offences so broadly defined they could plausibly be interpreted to included much online expression, and imposing custodial penalties for those who are convicted. Nepal stalling prosecutions on war crimes: HRW. Instead, numerous cases are mishandled by authorities, including that of a 15-year-old Dalit girl from Mahottari, in southeast Nepal, whose rape and murder at the end on 2018 the police refused to register during 2019. 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Despite a two-thirds’ parliamentary majority, the Oli government made little progress in implementing the federal structure created under the 2015 constitution, including devolving some powers over justice and policing. Meanwhile, Nepal in 2019 strengthened investment and trading ties with China, including participation in China’s “Belt and Road” Initiative. 10 Nov 2020 The government has outlawed several practices harmful to women and girls in recent years. Prevalence of female genital mutilation/cutting among girls and women (% of … However, after consultations with various groups, the process again became deadlocked, as authorities continued to favor impunity for perpetrators—both security forces and members of the ruling Nepal Communist Party—over justice for victims. On October 15, 2020, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) published 20 years of data, naming 286 people, mostly police officials, military personnel, and former Maoist insurgents, … Currently serving as a member of the Council since January 2018, Nepal has been re-elected with 150 votes and will serve a consecutive three-year term of 2021-2023. Instead, the current government, like its predecessors, continued to resist amending the transitional justice legislation to abide by a landmark 2015 Supreme Court ruling, which struck down key components of the current law, such as provisions that would allow amnesties even for perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) was founded in 1984 by a prominent group of jurists and human rights activists in Asia. The NA’s investigations were not fully transparent according to human rights NGOs. Despite numerous protests, the government failed to adopt policies to protect and provide justice for women and girls, especially those from minority communities, who faced rape and sexual violence. News. Members of the international community, including diplomatic missions in Kathmandu, UN special rapporteurs, and others, continued to warn the government that if a transitional justice process that meets international standards is denied within Nepal, perpetrators of war crimes and crimes against humanity may be subject to prosecution abroad under the principal of universal jurisdiction. In 2019, the government proposed new laws curtailing free expression and limiting the powers of the National Human Rights Commission. At time of writing, it had yet to do so. The government’s Public Service Commission sought to undermine constitutional guarantees of quotas for minority communities in civil service jobs, by defying hiring procedures. Nepal to offer free COVID-19 tests and treatment as cases surge The move comes after the top court asked the Communist government to provide free treatment as cases approach 200,000. The list of following conferences are including the following topics like business related conferences, engineering conferences, education, social sciences, law, life sciences, mathematics, medicine, regional studies, and interdisciplinary conferences. In order to create a more credible and empathetic knowledge bank on the South Asian region, SPS curates the South Asia Monitor (www.southasiamonitor.org), an independent web journal and online resource dealing with strategic, political, security, cultural and economic issues about, pertaining to and of consequence to South Asia and the Indo-Pacific region. The government presented three pieces of new legislationthat further seriously erod… The Nepal Police and APF each have an HRS and the NA has a human rights directorate (HRD). This book portrys SDGs thorugh the lens of Human Rights perspective in context of Nepal. Human Development Index (HDI), male: n.a. This year the 8th Nepal Human Rights International Film Festival will be organized from 5th to 8th March, 2020. the Nepal Human Development Report 2020: Beyond LDC Graduation: Productive Transformation and Prosperity has focused on how Nepal could meaningfully advance towards sustainable human development at a faster pace.Read more. ECHO; Posted 30 Jan 2020 Originally published 16 Jan 2020. The TRC had registered 58,052 complaints of abuses, including allegations against senior figures, while the CIEDP had registered over 3,200 cases of people who remain “disappeared” over 10 years since the conflict ended. “Despite constitutional guarantees, impunity for caste-based discrimination and violence remains high in Nepal”, according to the UN human rights office . The government proposed a new law that undermined the independence of the National Human Rights Commission by giving the attorney general powers to decide which cases it brings before the courts, and by removing its right to maintain regional offices. In a case brought to the United Nations Human Rights Committee by a member of an indigenous group who had suffered forced labor and torture, the Committee found that Nepal must remove obstacles to victims seeking justice. The rights group urges government to pursue conflict-era human rights cases and ensure no amnesty granted to gross rights violations. I. And while the country has taken “big strides to address this scourge”, she maintained that “so much more can and must be done, to eradicate this blight on society”. Four years after the 2015 earthquake, which destroyed nearly 1 million homes, many survivors still live in temporary shelter. 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Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli visits the rebuilding site of a temple that collapsed during the April 2015 earthquake, Kathmandu, Nepal, April 25, 2019. Almost half of Nepal’s Dalits live below the poverty line. Crimes, such as sexual violence, against members of minority communities often go unreported and uninvestigated. Human Development Index (HDI), female: n.a. The government presented three pieces of new legislation that further seriously erode freedom of expression. ... rule of law and human rights and resilience, disaster risk reduction and climate change. Mandatory paid maternity leave (days) n.a. It also aggregates news, views commentary content related to the region and the extended neighbourhood. Nepali Mahila. Survivors of natural disasters, such as seasonal flooding, who disproportionately belong to minority communities, were often not provided with adequate relief, such as basic shelter. National National Human Rights Commission recommends that Nepal legalise same-sex marriage The commission, in a report released Wednesday, said that while Nepal has made progress in ensuring LGBTIQ rights, it has yet to ensure full legal rights to queer individuals. Over 70 selected films from around the globe made on human rights issues will be screened during the festival. In November 2018, the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women recommended that Nepal endorse the Safe Schools Declaration, an international commitment to protect education during armed conflict. Attacks increased against journalists and against the freedom of expression of ordinary citizens online. As a result, restrictions on free assembly and expression rights of the Tibetan community continued, under political pressure from China. The Eighth Nepal Human Rights International Film Festival (NHRIFF) will be held during March 05-08, 2020 in Kathmandu. 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Critical voices were subjected to intimidation by ruling party supporters. They are landless and much poorer than the dominant caste population. It is run by a diverse and inclusive team of activists, journalists and lawyers, who are proactively working for the protection and promotion of human rights in Nepal. ECHO Factsheet - Nepal - January 2020 Format News and Press Release Source. Maternal mortality ratio (deaths per 100,000 live births) n.a. However, neither commission had completed a single investigation before the commissioners’ mandates expired. The NA HRD and Nepal Police HRS have independent investigative powers. Nepal Human Rights Human Rights Concerns. Victims’ groups also demanded that the transitional justice law be amended before the commissions resume work, and that they be consulted on strengthening the process, demands which the government has so far resisted. In 2015, India was widely seen as backing a blockade of trade goods across Nepal’s southern border. Despite being previously extended, the terms of members of both commissions expired in spring 2019. Nepal's involvement is ever increasing. In the recently published Nepal Human Rights Yearbook 2012 by Informal Sector Service Center (INSEC), a study of all 75 districts across the country returned results of 648 women as victims of violence in 2011. Two international rights groups have called on Nepal’s government to promptly carry out recently released recommendations made by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) about abuses committed, especially, during a decade-long conflict in the Himalayan nation. Oli signaled its intention to amend its laws to ensure accountability for the serious crimes committed by individuals on all sides during the 10-year Maoist insurgency, which ended in 2006. SDGs and Human Rights in Nepali Context Nov 2, 2020 The issue of Human Rights and Sustainable Development Goals are the cross cutting. After taking office in 2018, the government of Prime Minister K.P. In 2017, Nepal was elected to the United Nations Human Rights Council for a three-year term. However, enforcement remains weak, and these deeply entrenched practices continue. NEPAL in view of the adoption of the LIST OF ISSUES PRIOR TO REPORTING by the HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE DECEMBER 2020 submitted by Human Rights and Justice Center TRIAL International . Article 11 of the 2015 Constitution of Nepal confers a fundamentally inferior legal status on women, by preventing them from passing citizenship to their children according to the same terms as Nepali men. Their life expectancy is lower than the national average, and so is their literacy rate. The government also failed during the year to publish the report of the Lal Commission, which investigated deadly violence between members of minority communities and the police in 2015. Press Release Nepal Re-elected to UN Human Rights Council Nepal has been re-elected as a member of the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) in the elections held at UN Headquarters in New York today. Dalits are routinely denied access to religious sites, they face resistance to inter-caste marriages, refusal by non-Dalits to handle water touched by them and many other forms of discrimination. Global Human Rights 2020, Pokhara This conference will motivate the youth participant by sharing their experience of human rights promotion activities through the youth for human rights campaign Nepal so far and encouraged to them to be ready to … The Human Rights Committee (hereinafter, “the … Nepal had a dismal performance in 2020 when it came to providing justice to victims from decade-long Maoist insurgency, while the regressive bills that tend to curtail the freedom of expression continued to be considered in Parliament, Human Rights Watch said on Thursday. Introduction 1. Police used the Electronic Transactions Act, which is supposedly designed to address online fraud, to arrest journalists and bloggers, including those reporting on corruption, and even a comedian who upset a movie director with a negative review. 2nd LAWASIA Human Rights Conference FURTHER UPDATE – 2nd LAWASIA HUMAN RIGHTS CONFERENCE 2020 CANCELLED After considerable consideration, LAWASIA together with the host organisations; the Supreme Court Bar Association of Nepal and the Nepal Bar Association, have reassessed the situation arising from the COVID-19 pandemic, and have made the decision that it will … Developed for South Asia watchers across the globe or those looking for in-depth knowledge, reliable resource and documentation on this region, the site features exclusive commentaries, insightful analyses, interviews and reviews contributed by strategic experts, diplomats, journalists, analysts, researchers and students from not only this region but all over the world. However, weak enforcement along with remaining gaps in laws on sexual violence and gender discrimination continue to leave women, particularly ethnic minorities, at high risk of abuse. Despite its role in brokering the 2006 peace agreement, India failed to call for proper transitional justice. Nepal’s new constitution was adopted in September 2015, but violent protests over the lack of greater inclusion for minority communities have stalled efforts to enforce rights protections. Legal gaps and lack of political will continue to mar accountability for sexual violence, especially for victims from minority communities. Nepal’s transition to peace and a democratic system in 2006 has been hampered by political instability and a succession of governments. Caste and ethnic minorities remained more vulnerable than others to abuses, including excessive use of force by police, and torture in police custody. There is no comprehensive legislation banning gender discrimination. Progress has been made in r… Since then, Nepal has attempted to reset its relations with India with discussions that include existing treaties, trade and transit, and border management. Critical voices were subjected to intimidation by ruling party supporters. Victims’ groups objected to the stalled system for appointing new commissioners, which appeared designed to ensure that selected candidates are acceptable to political leaders and the army. Stay informed - subscribe to our newsletter. The government has outlawed a number of harmful practices including chhaupadi (menstrual seclusion), dowry, witchcraft allegations, and child marriage. Finally, the Mass Communications Bill duplicated similar provisions, with further penalties, for loosely defined acts of expression. Nepal had a dismal performance in 2020 when it came to providing justice to victims from decade-long Maoist insurgency, while the regressive bills that tend to curtail the freedom of expression continued to be considered in Parliament, Human Rights Watch said on Thursday. A commitment to transitional justice was included in the 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, but it was not until 2015 that a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and a Commission of Investigation on Enforced Disappeared Persons (CIEDP) were finally established. A new constitution was adopted in 2015, but minority communities have continued to express dissatisfaction with amendments that do not adequately address discrimination.
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